11.10 Dealing with bit-flip and phase-flip errors

We can now put the bit-flip and phase-flip codes together: first we encode the qubit using the phase-flip code, and then we encode each of the three qubits of the code using the bit-flip code. This gives an error correction scheme that allows us to protect against both types of error, thus yielding a code that encodes a single logical qubit across nine physical qubits, protecting against a single quantum error on any of the nine qubits.

If we want to preserve a quantum state for a long time without doing any computations, or if we want to send it through a noisy communications channel, we can just encode the state using a quantum code and decode it when we are done. Computation on encoded states using noisy gates requires few more tricks.

!!!TO-DO!!! (“to be completed”)